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What Is Ranitidine Used For?

Ranitidine for GERD
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is caused by acid reflux into the esophagus. Acid reflux is a term used for describing the backward flow of stomach acid into the esophagus. The stomach is designed to be able to handle the acid it produces; the esophagus, however, is not. If too much stomach acid is in contact with the esophagus for too long, damage to the lining of the esophagus occurs, causing the symptoms of GERD.
 
(Click What Is GERD? for more information.)
 
A few of the more common GERD symptoms include:
 
  • Heartburn
  • Acidic or sour taste in the mouth
  • Feeling like food is stuck in your throat
  • Choking feelings
  • Chest pain.
 
Ranitidine is approved to treat the symptoms of GERD. It works by decreasing the amount of acid in the stomach.
 
Ranitidine for Erosive Esophagitis
Erosive esophagitis refers to damage to the lining of the esophagus. While GERD is a very common cause of erosive esophagitis, there are other possible causes, including irritating medications, acidic chemicals, sharp objects, and violent vomiting.
 
Ranitidine is approved for the treatment of erosive esophagitis that has been diagnosed through an upper endoscopy (which usually involves a small camera inserted into the esophagus through the mouth). Ranitidine is also approved to prevent erosive esophagitis from returning once it has healed.
 
Ranitidine for Pathological Hypersecretory Conditions
There are several conditions that cause the stomach to produce too much acid. These conditions include Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, systemic mastocytosis, and "short-gut" syndrome. Ranitidine works for these conditions by decreasing the production of stomach acid.
 

Ranitidine HCl

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