There are many possible causes of pancreatitis. By far, the two most common causes are gallstones and alcoholism.
(Click Causes of Pancreatitis for more information.)
Symptoms of pancreatitis vary somewhat, depending on whether a person is experiencing acute or chronic symptoms.
Symptoms of this condition may include:
- Upper abdominal pain that may reach to the back or other areas
- Swollen and tender abdomen
- Rapid pulse.
More severe symptoms may include:
- Low blood pressure
- Weight loss
- Fatty stools
- Heart, lung, or kidney failure
- Loss of life.
(Click Symptoms of Pancreatitis for more information.)
Besides asking about a person's medical history and doing a physical exam, a doctor may order blood or urine tests and possibly imaging tests to diagnose this condition.
(Click Pancreatitis Diagnosis for more information on this topic.)
Treatment options depend on a number of factors. These factors include:
- The type of pancreatitis (acute pancreatitis versus chronic pancreatitis)
- Pancreatitis symptoms
- Pancreatitis complications.
Depending on the factors above, treatment may include:
- Diet and lifestyle changes.
(Click Pancreatitis Treatment for more information.)