When making an intussusception diagnosis, a doctor will ask a number of questions, perform a physical exam, and may recommend certain tests, such as imaging tests and the use of enemas. In possible cases of intussusception, diagnosis of the conditions also involves ruling out other medical conditions with similar symptoms, such as colic, appendicitis, and sepsis.
In order to make an intussusception diagnosis, the doctor will ask a number of questions, including questions about:
- Current medical conditions
- Current medications
- Family history of medical problems.
The doctor will also likely perform a physical exam, looking for signs and symptoms of intussusception. If the doctor suspects intussusception, he or she may order additional tests.
A range of diagnostic tests may be required to make an intussusception diagnosis. Some of these tests include the following:
- X-rays of the abdomen may suggest a bowel obstruction (blockage)
- An upper and lower gastrointestinal (GI) series will locate the intussusception and show the telescoping
- CT scan (computed tomography) can also help with the intussusception diagnosis
- When intussusception is suspected, an air or barium enema can often help correct the problem by pushing the telescoped section of bowel into its proper position.
Intussusception symptoms can be similar to symptoms seen with a number of other medical conditions. The doctor will consider these conditions and attempt to rule them out before making an intussusception diagnosis. These conditions include:
- Incarcerated hernia.