A lot of information can be obtained through an EGD. Expectations for the procedure generally include gaining a better understanding of your upper digestive tract and treating any problems if needed. It is possible that everything will be normal in your esophagus, stomach, and small intestine, but if not, the problem can usually be treated during the EGD. In some cases, a biopsy may be taken to look for other problems, such as inflammation and polyps.
Following your EGD (also known as an esophagogastroduodenoscopy, or upper endoscopy), your doctor will have more information about the condition of your upper digestive tract. It is possible that everything will be normal, and you may not need any treatment.
If a problem was found during the upper endoscopy, it may be treated. If it wasn't treated during the endoscopy, then you may need treatment later. Your doctor will discuss these findings with you, as well as tell you what treatment plan may be best for you.
If a biopsy or cytology is taken, the results will usually be back soon after your procedure. Having a biopsy or cytology taken does not mean that you have cancer. Biopsies are often done to look for other problems, such as inflammation and polyps.
You and your doctor can talk about the expected results in your particular situation. It is important that your expectations match your doctor's expectations.
If your doctor performs dilation, it is reasonable to expect that the narrowed area will be expanded.
Dilation can provide a significant improvement in swallowing and regurgitation.
Dilation usually has good short-term results. However, the long-term success will depend on your particular situation. It is common for dilated areas to become narrow again and require another EGD.