There are four classes of drugs most commonly used for the treatment of heartburn. These include:
- Antacids (such as Alka-Seltzer®, Maalox®, Mylanta®, Pepto-Bismol®, Rolaids®, Riopan®, and others)
- Foaming agents, such as Gaviscon®
- H2 blockers, such as Tagamet HB®, Zantac® 75, Pepcid® AC, and Axid® AR
- Proton pump inhibitors, such as Nexium®, Prevacid®, AcipHex®, and Protonix®.
Nonprescription medicines are typically tried first. Especially when combined with changes in diet and lifestyle, these products can be effective at managing symptoms. If nonprescription drugs fail to provide relief, however, prescription products may be necessary.
(Click Heartburn Medicine for an in-depth look at this topic. This article discusses the pros and cons of each type of heartburn medication and explains how they work.)