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Featured Tests and Procedures
A barium enema is conducted by taking x-rays of the lining of your rectum and colon. As this eMedTV page points out, the procedure can help diagnose polyps, colon cancer, and other problems. This article explains what to expect during the procedure.
A colonoscopy is used to look for early signs of cancer or the causes of changes in bowel habits. This eMedTV Web page further describes the procedure in detail, including how it is carried out and possible risks associated with it.
Colonoscopy preparation begins several days before the procedure, when you start a liquid diet to empty your colon. This eMedTV article further explains the colonoscopy preparation process, including what to expect and what you can and cannot eat.
EGD stands for esophagogastroduodenoscopy. As this eMedTV segment explains, it is a procedure that allows your doctor to examine your esophagus, stomach, and small intestine. This Web page offers an in-depth look at this procedure.
Liver donation surgery is the process of replacing someone's diseased liver with part of your healthy liver. This eMedTV article further discusses the purpose of the surgery and offers a detailed description of the surgery itself.
In an adult living donor liver transplant, part of a healthy liver is transplanted into a sick person. This eMedTV Web article describes this procedure at length, including how it is performed, with links to specific information.
A sigmoidoscopy allows a doctor to see the last third of the colon and rectum. This eMedTV page further explains the procedure, including what to expect, how it is performed, and how it differs from a colonoscopy.
An upper endoscopy is a procedure used to examine your esophagus, stomach, and small intestine. This eMedTV page explains how the procedure is carried out, the purpose of this examination, and potential complications a person may experience.
Featured Conditions and Diseases
Acute pancreatitis occurs suddenly, lasts for a short period of time, and usually gets better. This eMedTV article provides an in-depth look at acute pancreatitis by discussing the causes, symptoms, and treatment of this condition.
Appendicitis is a serious medical condition, often requiring emergency treatment. This page on the eMedTV Web site provides an in-depth look at this condition, including symptoms, causes, treatment, and more.
Barrett's esophagus is a condition in which the esophagus forms new types of cells on its surface. As this eMedTV page explains, these cells are similar to the cells found in the intestines. This page offers an in-depth look at this disorder.
Chronic pancreatitis is a disorder involving digestive enzymes that attack and destroy the pancreas. As this eMedTV article explains, this can lead to pain and scarring. This page describes the causes, symptoms, and treatment of this condition.
In someone with cirrhosis, liver injuries cause scar tissue to replace normal, healthy tissue in the liver. This eMedTV article lists causes of the disease (such as hepatitis C) and explains how the scarring keeps the liver from working properly.
Colon polyps are growths that develop in the large intestine. This eMedTV article offers an in-depth look at these polyps, including detailed information on what causes them, what symptoms may occur, and how they are treated.
Diverticulitis occurs when small sacs in the colon become infected. This eMedTV article gives an overview of this condition, explaining how it can develop suddenly and without warning (which is why it's important to know the symptoms and risk factors).
People who have diverticulosis have small pouches in their colons that bulge outward through weak spots. As this eMedTV page explains, the condition itself is harmless, but if infection occurs in the pouches, it can cause pain in the lower abdomen.
Common types of food intolerance include histamine toxicity, celiac disease, and lactose intolerance. This eMedTV article provides an in-depth look at these conditions and explains how they are often confused with food allergy.
Hemochromatosis is a disorder in which the intestines absorb too much iron. The information in this eMedTV Web page discusses the types, causes, symptoms, and treatment of this condition and also provides links to more information.
Hirschsprung's disease, an illness of the large intestine, is characterized by severe constipation. This eMedTV article describes the condition in more detail, including its causes, symptoms, and treatment options.
Intussusception is a condition in which one part of the intestine tunnels into an adjoining section. This eMedTV article offers an overview of this condition, including information about its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
Hidden lactose may be found in foods such as baked goods, breakfast cereals, and instant potatoes. This eMedTV segment talks about hidden lactose and explains how it is even found in some prescription and over-the-counter medications.
Between 30 and 50 million Americans are lactose intolerant (unable to digest a sugar called lactose). This eMedTV Web page offers an overview of the causes, symptoms, and treatment of lactose intolerance.
Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas. As this eMedTV article explains, it comes in two forms: acute and chronic. This part of the Web site provides detailed information on the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of this condition.
A liver disease that destroys bile ducts, primary biliary cirrhosis affects women more often than men. This eMedTV Web page provides a general overview of primary biliary cirrhosis symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.
Secondary biliary cirrhosis occurs when the large bile ducts outside of the liver become blocked. This eMedTV page takes an in-depth look at secondary biliary cirrhosis causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment -- and also links to more information.
Short bowel syndrome is a condition characterized by diarrhea, cramping, and heartburn. As this eMedTV article explains, it can occur in people who have had half or more of their small intestine removed. This page discusses the syndrome in detail.
Spastic colon is a disorder that often results in diarrhea, constipation, and abdominal cramping. This eMedTV Web page offers an overview of this condition, including how it is diagnosed and other symptoms that may occur.
Wilson's disease is characterized by excessive amounts of copper that accumulate in the body. This eMedTV article discusses this disease in detail, including information on its causes, symptoms, and treatment options.
Featured Medications
Available by prescription only, alosetron is used to treat irritable bowel syndrome in women. This eMedTV Web page gives a comprehensive overview of this drug, including how it affects the body, dosing tips, possible side effects, and more.
Balsalazide can help relieve inflammation and other symptoms caused by ulcerative colitis. This eMedTV segment offers an in-depth look at the drug, including how it works to treat the condition, tips for those taking it, and possible side effects.
People who have Crohn's disease may benefit from budesonide EC, a prescription steroid. This segment of the eMedTV archives further describes the uses and effects of the medication and provides links to more detailed information on budesonide EC.
Budesonide ER is used as a treatment for ulcerative colitis. This eMedTV article presents a comprehensive overview of this prescription medication, including when and how to take it, possible side effects, safety issues, and more.
Bumex is a prescribed medication that is approved to treat fluid retention due to many causes. This eMedTV page explains how the drug works to decrease blood volume and offers information on its effects, dosing guidelines, and side effects.
Carafate is commonly prescribed to treat or prevent duodenal ulcers. This eMedTV Web resource describes how this medication works and when and how to take it, as well as its potential side effects, dosing guidelines, and general safety precautions.
Before your colonoscopy, you may need to use a laxative such as colyte. This selection from the eMedTV Web site gives an overview of this product, explaining why it is necessary, what to expect, how to use it, and more.
Dicyclomine is a prescription medicine commonly used for treating irritable bowel syndrome. This eMedTV resource explains how dicyclomine works and offers a more in-depth look at the drug's effects, dosing information, and potential side effects.
Dyrenium is a prescription medication that is licensed to treat fluid retention. This article from the eMedTV library explains how the drug works, offers dosing information, and lists potential side effects that may occur during treatment.
Ethacrynic acid is a prescription medication that is licensed to treat fluid retention. This eMedTV Web page offers a more in-depth look at the drug, including its effects, dosing information, and possible side effects.
GoLYTELY is a laxative used to empty the bowels before certain gastrointestinal exams. This eMedTV article offers a comprehensive overview of this product, explaining the best way to take it, how it works, possible side effects, and more.
If you have an upcoming colonoscopy, your healthcare provider may prescribe HalfLytely and Bisacodyl. This eMedTV article takes an in-depth look at this bowel-prep product, including details on how it works, possible side effects, dosing tips, and more.
Taking linaclotide capsules once daily helps treat IBS with constipation or chronic idiopathic constipation. This eMedTV Web page presents more details on this prescription drug, including when it is taken, how it works, side effects, and more.
Lubiprostone is a prescription drug used to treat many types of constipation. This eMedTV page offers a detailed overview of this medication, describing how it works, potential side effects, and tips on taking the drug.
If you have occasional constipation, you may benefit from MiraLAX. This page of the eMedTV Web site takes an in-depth look at this over-the-counter laxative, including details on how it works, possible side effects, dosing guidelines, and more.
Misoprostol tablets contain a hormone-like substance that prevents stomach ulcers in people taking NSAIDs. This eMedTV resource features more information on this prescription drug, including who may benefit from it, dosing tips, and side effects.
Available by prescription only, MoviPrep is a laxative approved to cleanse the bowels before a colonoscopy. This eMedTV page further describes this prescription drug, with details on how it works, when and how to take it, safety precautions, and more.
Available by prescription only, NuLYTELY is a laxative prescribed to cleanse the bowels before a colonoscopy. This eMedTV page further describes this drug, with information on how it works, when and how to take it, safety precautions, and more.
Olsalazine is prescribed to prevent ulcerative colitis symptoms in people for whom it is in remission. This eMedTV article presents an in-depth look at the drug, including how it works, possible side effects, and helpful tips for people taking it.
Ondansetron oral soluble film is a drug used to prevent nausea and vomiting. This eMedTV segment offers an in-depth look at this medication, providing information on its dosing, possible side effects, general safety precautions, and more.
Conditions such as GERD and diabetic gastroparesis can be treated with orally disintegrating metoclopramide. This eMedTV segment provides a detailed overview of this drug, with information on when and how to take it, side effects, dosing, and more.
Pancreatic enzymes are usually taken by those with cystic fibrosis or chronic pancreatitis. This eMedTV segment talks about how these enzymes aid in the digestion of meals and also discusses the ingredients contained in the enzymes.
Prepopik is a prescription drug used to clean out the bowels before a colonoscopy procedure is performed. This eMedTV Web selection gives an overview of this medication, including how it works, how to take it, possible side effects, and more.
Rabeprazole sprinkle is used as a treatment for GERD symptoms in children. This eMedTV article presents a comprehensive overview of this prescription medication, including when and how to take it, possible side effects, safety issues, and more.
Ranitidine is a drug that may be used to treat heartburn, ulcers, GERD, and other conditions. This eMedTV Web page covers both over-the-counter and prescription forms of ranitidine, including details about how they reduce acid in the stomach.
Your healthcare provider may recommend Rectiv if you have pain caused by chronic anal fissures. This eMedTV article offers an overview of this medicated ointment, with details on how to use it, what to expect, drug warnings, and more.
RotaTeq is a routine vaccine used to prevent rotavirus (a virus that causes severe diarrhea). This eMedTV page covers the benefits of the product, explains when your child should get vaccinated, and lists possible side effects of the vaccine.
Senna is a natural product often used as a laxative for the treatment of constipation. This article from the eMedTV Web site further explains what the product is used for, describes how it works, and lists some of its common side effects.
As this eMedTV page explains, sunitinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor used to treat certain types of kidney, pancreatic, and gastrointestinal (GI) cancer. This resource takes a closer look at this drug, including effectiveness, how to take it, and more.
Tegaserod is used to treat chronic idiopathic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation. This eMedTV resource provides a detailed overview of the prescription drug, noting in particular its effects, strengths, and dosing guidelines.
Telbivudine can help slow down the spread of the hepatitis B virus in the body and reduce liver damage. This eMedTV page presents an overview of this medication, including how it works, when it is used, possible side effects, and links to more details.
Triamterene-HCTZ is typically used for the treatment of fluid retention and high blood pressure. This eMedTV segment offers a detailed look at the drug, including how it works, dosing information, and possible side effects.
TriLyte is a prescription laxative used to empty the bowel before a colonoscopy. This eMedTV selection takes an in-depth look at this product, explaining how it works, what to expect while taking it, dosing guidelines, and more.
Viokace is prescribed for the treatment of pancreatic enzyme deficiencies caused by various conditions. This eMedTV overview includes details on how this medication works, possible side effects, dosing instructions, and more.
Zegerid OTC is a nonprescription medicine used to treat heartburn by decreasing stomach acid. This eMedTV Web article offers an in-depth look at the medicine, including information on how it works, possible side effects, dosing information, and more.
Featured Symptoms
Infection, hemorrhoids, inflammation, cancer, and ulcers can all cause anal bleeding. This eMedTV resource explores the different types of bleeding, as well as common diagnostic tests (such as endoscopy) and treatment options for this symptom.
Heartburn can cause discomfort that starts in the middle of the chest and moves up through the throat. This eMedTV article offers an in-depth overview of heartburn, with information on its symptoms, risk factors, and treatment options.
Intestinal gas occurs as a result of swallowed air or the breakdown of foods, especially carbohydrates. This eMedTV segment discusses this topic in detail, with information on causes, symptoms, treatment options, and more.
Rectal bleeding can be a symptom of various diseases, from hemorrhoids to cancer. This page from the eMedTV archives explains the types of bleeding that can occur, possible causes, treatment options, and diagnostic procedures.
Featured Anatomy
The colon is a tube that connects the rectum and anus to the small intestine and absorbs certain nutrients. This eMedTV Web page discusses the function of the colon in more detail and explains its role as part of the digestive system.
The stomach, esophagus, and small intestine are all parts of the digestive system. This page from the eMedTV site explains how this system allows your body to absorb nutrients from food and then remove the leftover waste products.
The pancreas is a gland in the abdomen that makes insulin, other hormones, and pancreatic juices. This eMedTV Web page describes the location and purpose of this part of the body, including its role in helping the body use and store energy.
Featured Other
Liver donation is a two-step process that involves a complete medical evaluation before the actual surgery. This eMedTV Web page explains the process, including a description of the medical evaluation and things to consider before donating.
After liver donation surgery, recovery consists of follow-up doctor visits and avoiding strenuous activity. This eMedTV segment offers more information on the recovery process, including what to expect and tips on relieving surgery-related pain.
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