Common colon problems often include hemorrhoids, anal fissure, and abnormal growths. While some colon problems, such as hemorrhoids, are common and can easily be treated, others, such as polyps, can be more serious and eventually lead to cancer.
There are a number of colon problems that are commonly seen during a colon exam. The common colon problems include:
- Anal fissure
- Inflammatory bowel diseases
- Diverticultis or diverticulosis
- Abnormal growths.
Hemorrhoids are a very common colon problem. A hemorrhoid is a collection of swollen veins in the rectum or anus that can cause bleeding and/or itching.
Another common colon problem that can also cause bleeding is an anal fissure. A fissure is a painful tear in the anus.
Many inflammatory bowel diseases can also affect the colon and rectum. Two examples include
Sometimes, the wall of your colon can form sacs or pouches, known as diverticula. These sacs may bleed or may become inflamed, and the condition is then called diverticulitis. They can cause severe abdominal pain.
Abnormal growths are another possible problem within the colon or rectum. Abnormal growths can be non-cancerous, precancerous, or cancerous.
Pre-cancerous means that the abnormal growth can grow and become cancerous with time. One example of an abnormal growth is a polyp. Polyps can be found on the lining of the colon or rectum, and vary from the size of a pinhead to a golf ball or larger. They are typically either non-cancerous or pre-cancerous.
Abnormal growths can sometimes be cancerous. Cancer of the colon or rectum is a common type of cancer in people over the age of 50. It often consists of abnormal cancerous growths on the lining inside your colon or rectum. Although symptoms of colon cancer can include bleeding and changes in bowel habits, patients may have no symptoms.
These examples represent some of the more common problems that can develop in your colon or rectum. If, after reading this eMedTV article, you would like additional information, talk with your doctor or healthcare provider.