Balsalazide is a prescription drug typically used to relieve symptoms of ulcerative colitis. Healthcare providers believe the drug works by decreasing the production of certain chemicals that lead to inflammation. It comes in capsule form, and is usually taken three times a day. Side effects can include abdominal pain, joint pain, and diarrhea.
What Is Balsalazide?Balsalazide disodium (Colazal®) is a prescription medication that is used to treat ulcerative colitis.
How Does Balsalazide Work?This drug belongs to a group of medications called aminosalicylates. It is thought that balsalazide works by inhibiting the production of inflammatory chemicals in the lining of the colon. This decreases the production of prostaglandins and leukotrienes, chemicals that lead to the inflammation associated with ulcerative colitis.
The balsalazide molecule itself is inactive. However, when it reaches the colon, bacteria enzymes split the molecule, releasing the active forms of the medication.