Acute Pancreatitis Treatment
In general, treatment for acute pancreatitis is designed to support vital bodily functions and prevent complications; however, the option chosen depends on the severity of the attack. Acute pancreatitis usually requires a hospital stay. Unless the pancreatic duct or bile duct is blocked by gallstones, an attack usually lasts only a few days. After the symptoms are gone, the doctor will try to decide what caused the condition in order to prevent future attacks.
An Introduction to Acute Pancreatitis Treatment
Acute pancreatitis treatment depends on the severity of the attack. If no kidney or lung complications occur (see Acute Pancreatitis Complications), the condition usually improves on its own.
Treatment is generally designed to support vital bodily functions and prevent complications. A hospital stay will be necessary so that fluids can be replaced through an intravenous line (IV).
Treatment for Pseudocysts
If pancreatic pseudocysts occur and are considered large enough to interfere with the healing of the pancreas, your doctor may drain or surgically remove them.
How Long Does Treatment for Acute Pancreatitis Last?
Unless the pancreatic duct or bile duct is blocked by gallstones, an acute attack usually lasts only a few days. In severe cases, acute pancreatitis treatment will require intravenous (IV) feeding for three to six weeks while the pancreas slowly heals. This process is called total parenteral nutrition. However, for mild cases, total parenteral nutrition offers no benefit.
After Acute Pancreatitis Treatment
Before leaving the hospital, a person will be advised not to drink alcohol and not to eat large meals. After all acute pancreatitis symptoms are gone, the doctor will try to decide what caused the condition in order to prevent future attacks. In some people, the cause is clear; in others, more tests are needed.